Where does emerald come from?
Major sources of emerald include Columbia, Zambia, Brazil, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe.

AA019970 Origins and Legends
Emerald was once used to treat eye diseases because it was thought the green color was soothing to the eye. It was also recommended as be worn as amulets to ward off epilepsy in children. Strengthening the owners memory, quicken the intelligence and help predict the future were all features the emerald was believed to hold. It is known as a symbol of rebirth and romance.

Characteristics
Emerald, like Aquamarine, is a variety of the mineral Beryl. Most Emeralds are mined in Brazil, Columbia, and Zambia. Emerald’s natural inclusions can be filled with substances that behave visually like Emerald; this makes them less noticeable to the eye. Emeralds over time may need to have those color substances replaced to keep their dark, rich green color.

How to care for Emerald
As with all colored gemstones it is advisable to remove them before engaging in any activity that may scratch or crack your stone. Emeralds are not very durable and are very susceptible to cracking even though they score an 8 of 10 on the hardness scale. Boiling water can be hazardous to emeralds and dramatic temperature changes could cause problems such as cracks. These problems stem from the internal inclusions in the stone and the green substances used to color emeralds can be washed away.

Why do people choose Emerald?
Emerald has traditionally been the birthstone for May. Emerald is also the gemstone representing the 20th, 35th and 55th wedding anniversaries.

Properties
It is risky to use ultrasonics on emeralds it is never a good idea to use steam cleaners as the green colors will easily be whisked away. Emeralds cannot take any heat.

Moh’s Hardness Scale: 7.5 – 8.0
Specific Gravity: 2.72
Species: Beryl